Accessing the information contained in this website constitutes an agreement to interpret and use the information in accordance with the following terms.
Copyright and Fair Use Notice
This site contains copyrighted material of Cuba Archive / Free Society Project, Inc., the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. This material is being made available to advance the understanding of historic, political, and human rights issues. This is thought to constitute a ‘fair use’ of such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or transmitted without fully crediting Cuba Archive as its source. If copyrighted material from this site is to be used for other purposes beyond ‘fair use,’ prior permission must be obtained from the copyright owner, Free Society Project, Inc.
Description of Service
Cuba Archive offers its service for informational and educational purposes as well as to advance human rights. By accessing any information in Cuba Archive’s website, including its database, users understand and agree that the service is provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis. Cuba Archive disclaims all responsibility and liability for the availability, timeliness, security, or reliability of the service. It also reserves the right to modify, suspend, or discontinue any aspect of the service or restrict or terminate any user’s right to use all or part of the service, with or without prior notice, at its sole discretion and at any time without liability.
Cuba Archive reports disappearances and fatalities of a political and military nature believed to have resulted from the Cuban Revolution. Cases that have come to the attention of this project and reported accordingly are considered “documented cases” for the purposes of this Archive. This is a work-in-progress that does not purport to present a complete or comprehensive record of all pertinent disappearances and fatalities. Many more cases are believed to remain unknown and/or unrecorded.
The Archive encompasses events onwards from March 10, 1952, date of General Fulgencio Batista’s suspension of democratic constitutional rule in Cuba. For this project, this constitutes the beginning of the revolutionary struggle in Cuba generally known as “the Cuban Revolution.”
All cases are documented, irrespective of political, ideological, and other attributes or affiliations of the victim. Actions taking place inside or outside the island and affecting Cubans and non-Cubans alike are recorded. For the most part, the work to date includes deaths and disappearances in Cuba. It is believed, however, that the Cuban Revolution -the Castro regime- has caused many deaths in other countries as a result of military interventions –direct and covert- and the sponsorship, support, and funding of subversion in many countries. To date, the database does not include the vast majority of these cases.
Case profiles, also known as “records” for the database, report information systematically as derived from the cited sources; other details of the case are presented in a summarized manner in the “Case Description.” Oftentimes, available testimonial and archival material is much more extensive and is also part of the Archive.
Accuracy of the data
Cuba Archive stands by its best efforts to collect information that is credible and to interpret and report its findings with the highest standards of objectivity and transparency. The accuracy of each case record, however, can only reflect the precision of the sources from which the information was obtained. Those sources, rather than Cuba Archive, are responsible for their respective information. Cuba Archive provides access to the information as a service to users, but does not take responsibility for the content and cannot guarantee that any or all details contained in any case record or any of its other reports are true, accurate, or reliable.
Some of this information may be considered offensive, harmful, inaccurate, or otherwise inappropriate material; in some cases it might turn out to be deceptive. Unintentional data entry and classification errors or mislabeling are possible. Users are advised to use common sense and exercise proper judgment with the data, photographs, and other material reported by Cuba Archive. Users acknowledge that any reliance on material posted via this website is at their own risk.
Sources and Conflicts of Evidence
All case records have been derived from information obtained through research of bibliographic material or by way of primary sources -as testimony provided in person, by telephone, or in writing. Each record in the database is referenced with all the sources from which the information has been taken.
Different sources often report discrepancies in one or several case details, including the spelling of names and in date or location. For informational purposes, discrepancies are noted as “Conflict of evidence.” In cases for which source discrepancies exist, the data appearing in the corresponding record has been selected based on Cuba Archive’s best effort to interpret and select from conflicting data. Primary sources are typically prioritized over secondary sources due to the expected greater accuracy stemming from direct knowledge of the events. Nonetheless, there is no guarantee that data selected to report any given case record is more accurate than equivalent data cited in the “conflict of evidence” section of that record.
Sources are often listed in abbreviated form in each case record, but may be viewed in full detail in the Source Directory. Primary sources are also referenced, but details such as name and contact information are not available to the public to protect the privacy of these sources. Requests from researchers, journalists, and human rights organizations for contact information will be honored on an individual need basis if authorization for disclosure is obtained.
In the case of bibliographic sources, certain sources are believed to actually replicate other cited sources (or are derived from them). For this reason, certain discrepancies and errors are reported by more than one source in the respective case record.
Classification of cases
To facilitate the use and analysis of the data for educational and informational purposes, records have been classified for “Death attribution,” “Cause of Death,” and “Victim Type.” Titles under those categories may reflect an attempt to label or narrow down complex information and are not necessarily entirely descriptive. Corroborating evidence for most cases is very difficult due to the closed nature of Cuban society, but classification errors and will be corrected as uncovered in an ongoing basis.
“Death attribution” to one or another regime or political faction is decided on the best possible interpretation of the events gleaned from, at times, very limited information. Thus, classification errors of this type are possible.
In “Victim Type” classified as “armed insurgent or resistance fighter,” the victim may or may not have actually borne arms. Nonetheless, it is generally assumed that members of the resistance have assisted or collaborated in an armed struggle.
In “Cause of Death” classified as “Extrajudicial or Deliberate Killing” the victim may be strongly presumed to have been killed extrajudicially by state or state-related actors, but actual empirical evidence may be lacking and/or the body may have not been found and a legal verdict or certificate of death available. This will be the case, for example, for certain persons in detention reported to have committed suicide in prison, but strongly suspected to have been killed by authorities. Other similar cases may indicate an “Undetermined” Cause of Death simply as a classification choice.
Occupations are reported in the case records as per standard occupation categories of the Department of Labor of the United States.